- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Purpose - This study examines the mediating role of organizational commitment in the relationship between job demands and job search behavior. The study also explores the moderating role of worker cooperatives in the relationship between job demands and organizational commitment. There is little extant research on the relationships of job demands with employee behaviors, and the roles of worker cooperatives in those relationships. Design/methodology/approach - Using the multi-level moderated mediation model, this study analyzed surveys conducted in capitalist firms and worker cooperatives in the metropolitan area of Seoul in 2016. Findings - This study provided evidence that organizational commitment mediated the relationship between job demands and job search behavior in the total sample. The findings revealed that worker cooperatives moderated the relationship between job demands and organizational commitment. In other words, while the negative relationship between job demands and organizational commitment was significant in capitalist firms, it was not maintained in worker cooperatives. Research limitations/implications - This study provides implications on how job demands are related to job search behavior, and how worker cooperatives may alleviate the adverse effects of job demands on employee attitudes and behaviors. A potential limitation of the present study is that individual-level variables were measured by self-reports. Originality/value - While previous studies on the JDR model have examined the interaction between job demands and individual levels of resources, the current study investigated the interaction between job demands and organizational levels of resources.
This study found that job demands were negatively associated with organizational commitment, which in turn was negatively related to job search behavior. Organizational commitment mediated the relationship between job demands and job search behavior in the total sample. The findings of this study revealed that worker cooperatives moderated the relationship between job demands and organizational commitment. These findings indicate that worker cooperatives alleviated the deleterious relationships of job demands with organizational commitment and job search behavior. It seems that worker cooperatives play a moderating role, as this study assumes, because their members are provided with a variety of resources, such as autonomy, organizational support, decision-making participation, and social support.
This study offers a number of implications for research about the JDR model and worker cooperatives. First, most - if not all- previous studies in the OB and HRM fields have examined the influences of job demands and job resources on employee well-being and attitudes only in capitalist firms. On the other hand, this study provides evidence that the detrimental influence of job demands may be relieved or even disappear in worker cooperatives. In other words, while the negative relationship between job demands and organizational commitment was confirmed in capitalist firms as the JDR model proposes, this relationship was not preserved in worker cooperatives. Thus, the findings of this study imply that the relationships confirmed in previous studies of the OB and HRM fields may be altered by worker cooperatives.