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Intergenerational occupational mobility is a topic that has attracted considerable interest in the sociological and economic literature for developed countries. In particular, one of the central issues in political debate is the role of education on the intergenerational social mobility. The modern capitalist economies are characterised by continual technological changes which lead to the need of a highly skilled workforce. In this potentially meritocratic society, the equality of opportunities, the efficient allocation of talent and the education can be instruments that encourage the social mobility and decrease the effect of the parents' economic status on the career of their children. This paper takes into account these facts and sheds empirical evidence for Spain about the relationships between social origin, educational attainment and occupational destination. The methodology applied consists of the specification and estimation of discrete choice models, and the empirical analysis is based on data provided by the Living Condition Survey (LCS) conducted for the Spanish National Statistics Institute (INE).
5. Results and discussion
The estimates of the marginal effects obtained for the both birth cohorts considered 1952–1968 and 1969–1986 are discussed in this section. First of all, the empirical strategy of splitting the original sample between two groups have been positively verified by means of the Wald test (Greene, 2012). Secondly, the main findings obtained through the analysis of the estimations (Tables 5 and 6) confirm the first hypothesis proposed since social mobility depends on personal and labour characteristics.