- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Experience is a critical factor in the success of nascent venture teams. However, homogeneous experience levels within teams may have drawbacks. This study focuses upon the performance effects of heterogeneities in experience type – management, industry, and start-up experience – for nascent venture teams. Using the representative US-based PSED II dataset including 519 nascent venture teams, we find that balanced experience types (heterogeneities in management and start-up experience) among nascent venture team members led to increased early-stage performance (measured as the expected revenue after the first operational year and the progress in terms of entrepreneurial activities pursued within the first five years of operation).
Our results concerning management and start-up experience heterogeneities demonstrated that venture teams comprising only inexperienced members or only highly experienced founders seemed to be inefficient with regards to expected revenue and the progress of the venture. More specifically, even when heterogeneous teams had an overall low average level of management or start-up experience, they often outperformed those comprising only experienced team members. Furthermore, teams with lower levels of average management or start-up experience benefited from heterogeneous distributions of experience the most. One explanation for these results is that diversification of experience levels enabled team members to escape their own “knowledge corridors” (Gruber et al., 2013, p. 280), broadening the cumulative knowledge set of the team and thereby enabling more innovative insights and market responses, which ultimately resulted in improved venture performance. An accumulation of homogenous experience may also foster the use of mental shortcuts such as overgeneralization, and decreased engagement in counterfactual thinking (imagining alternative outcomes for past events) that assist in formulating more effective market responses (Baron, 1998, 2000; Shepherd et al., 2003). Thus, nascent venture teams with only experienced team members may fail to extract important insights from entrepreneurial action because team members become increasingly trapped in prevailing ways of thinking.