- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
This paper explores the role of textual disclosures in the MD&A section of a firm’s SEC 10K filing to predict a firm’s ability to continue as a going concern. Using a sample of firms that filed for bankruptcy over the period 1995-2011 and a matched set of control firms we find that both management’s opinion about going concern stated in the MD&A and the linguistic tone of the MD&A together provide significant explanatory power in predicting whether a firm will cease as a going concern. Moreover, the predictive ability of MD&A disclosure is incremental to financial ratios, auditor going concern opinion, and market based variables. The striking feature of our findings is that the information in MD&A disclosures is more useful in predicting bankruptcy relative to financial ratios three years prior to bankruptcy. This suggests that MD&A disclosures are more timely than financial ratios and hence, a leading indicator of going concern problems. Our findings have important implications for current standard setter deliberations on whether to mandate qualitative disclosures about management’s assessment of the firm’s ability to continue as a going concern.