دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی مزایای فضای سبز عمومی در افزایش سلامت جمعیت - الزویر 2018

عنوان فارسی
مزایای فضای سبز عمومی در افزایش سلامت جمعیت
عنوان انگلیسی
Advantages of public green spaces in enhancing population health
صفحات مقاله فارسی
0
صفحات مقاله انگلیسی
6
سال انتشار
2018
نشریه
الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی
PDF
کد محصول
E8009
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله
مهندسی معماری، شهرسازی، جغرافیا
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله
طراحی شهری، برنامه ریزی شهری
مجله
چشم انداز و برنامه ریزی شهری - Landscape and Urban Planning
دانشگاه
Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research - Australian Catholic University - Melbourne - Australia
کلمات کلیدی
پارک، منطقه طبیعی، فعالیت بدنی، تماس با طبیعت
چکیده

ABSTRACT


Since the burden of chronic diseases is rising globally, there is an urgent need to develop population-level approaches to reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Neighborhood environments, where people spend much of their time, are relevant in this context because they can influence residents’ daily behaviors related to health. In particular, public green spaces (PGS) can confer health benefits through facilitating physical activity, contact with nature, and social interaction. PGS may also mitigate socio-economic inequalities in health. However, despite growing evidence, PGS are generally not fully utilized as a resource for physical activity. Thus, there is substantial scope for enhancing population health through increased visits and active use of PGS. This essay argues that PGS are not only health-enhancing but also practical and workable environmental resources to promote population health. We discuss three “advantages” of using PGS as health promotion initiatives: PGS are easier to modify (than are other structural environmental features); PGS can involve programs to help residents initiate physical activity; and PGS are valued by residents. The essay concludes with a discussion of future research topics, the result of which can be used to convince and assist local authorities and other key stakeholders to use PGS as readily available resources for health promotion.

نتیجه گیری

5. Conclusion


This commentary argues that improving local PGS can be a feasible approach to enhancing community health. Producing PGS that are easily accessible and designed to be appealing for people of all ages could reduce chronic disease risk through facilitating physical activity and alleviating stress. Research needs to produce practical evidence that assists local authorities to make informed decisions on how to enhance existing PGS to promote active use. In addition, dissemination efforts are essential to persuade relevant stakeholders to consider PGS as an underutilized yet readily available resource for health promotion. Such research and dissemination efforts can stimulate multi-sectoral collaboration between relevant fields, such as public health, urban design/ planning, and sports and recreation, which may enhance population health through the use of PGS.