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تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی پیش بینی تولید برق فتوولتاییک منطقه ای و کوتاه مدت، افزایش یافته با سیستم مرجع – الزویر ۲۰۱۹

عنوان فارسی: پیش بینی تولید برق فتوولتاییک منطقه ای و کوتاه مدت، افزایش یافته با سیستم های مرجع، نمونه ای در لوکزامبورگ
عنوان انگلیسی: Short-term and regionalized photovoltaic power forecasting, enhanced by reference systems, on the example of Luxembourg
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 18 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2019 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات پژوهشی (تحقیقاتی) پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E10410 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : mb 2
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: مهندسی برق، مهندسی انرژی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: تولید، انتقال و توزیع، انرژی های تجدید پذیر و فناوری های انرژی
مجله: انرژی تجدید پذیر - Renewable Energy
دانشگاه: Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) – Environmental Research and Innovation Department (ERIN) - Luxembourg
کلمات کلیدی: پیش بینی فتوولتائیک، عملکرد پیش بینی، rmse، ادغام فتوولتائیک، پیش بینی خورشید، ادغام انرژی خورشیدی
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.08.005
برای سفارش ترجمه این مقاله با کیفیت عالی و در کوتاه ترین زمان ممکن توسط مترجمین مجرب سایت ایران عرضه؛ روی دکمه سبز رنگ کلیک نمایید.
چکیده

Abstract

The authors developed a forecasting model for Luxembourg, able to predict the expected regional PV power up to 72 hours ahead. The model works with solar irradiance forecasts, based on numerical weather predictions in hourly resolution. Using a set of physical equations, the algorithm is able to predict the expected hourly power production for PV systems in Luxembourg, as well as for a set of 23 chosen PV-systems which are used as reference systems. Comparing the calculated forecasts for the 23 reference systems to their measured power over a period of 2 years, revealed a comparably high accuracy of the forecast. The mean deviation (bias) of the forecast was 1.1% of the nominal power – a relatively low bias indicating low systemic error. The root mean square error (RMSE), lies around 7.4% - a low value for single site forecasts. Two approaches were tested in order to adapt the short-term forecast, based on the present forecast deviations for the reference systems. Thereby, it was possible to improve the very short term forecast on the time horizon of 1-3 hours ahead, specifically for the remaining bias, but also systemic deviations can be identified and partially corrected (e.g. snow cover).

نتیجه گیری

Conclusions and Outlook

Finally, the performance of the individual hourly power forecasts for the 23 reference systems, evaluated over a period of 2 years, is already quite promising. Without any adaptations of the forecast, based on the measurements of the reference systems, the mean deviation (bias) of the forecast was 1.1% of the nominal power (biasdt = 2.2%) – indicating low systemic error. Also the overall mean RMSE of 7.4% (RMSEdt = 10.0%) indicates a low dispersion of the power forecast. A huge collection of performance indicators for different forecast schemes can be found in recent review papers, such as [1] and [8], but a direct comparison is difficult. As Antonanzas stated [1], besides the large set of different indicators used and lack standardisation in their calculation, there are many factors which hamper a comparison: Climate conditions, day- and night-time values used, base of normalisation, sample aggregation, spatial aggregation level and testing period. Generally, it has been found that, by far, the main uncertainties arise from the irradiance forecast, which is not surprising, but nevertheless the accuracy of the technical part of the model is very satisfactory.