- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Sensors for pesticides with high sensitivity have been urgently required to control food safety, protect ecosystem and prevent disease. In this review, we provide an overview of recent advances and new trends in optical sensors for the detection of pesticide based on fluorescence, colorimetric and surface enhanced Raman scattering, surface plasmon resonance and chemiluminescent strategies. These methods will be classified by the types of recognition elements, including enzyme, antibody, molecularly-imprinted polymers, aptamer and host-guest reaction. This review explores the basic features of established strategies through assessment of their performance. In addition, we provide brief summary of the entire review, the drawbacks of present sensor and future prospects, as well as the ongoing efforts to pesticide optical sensors.
3. Conclusions and perspectives
Continuous concerns over pesticide residues have provide a long-driven force to develop novel techniques. In the past decade years, thousands of research literatures have been published for the routine and convenient monitoring of pesticide to meet increasing market and social requirements. Herein, we have reviewed various kinds of optical strategy that were ingeniously designed and successfully applied for the detection of pesticide, with a specific focus on the fluorescence, colorimetric and surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensing strategies. With the emergence of high affinity of recognition elements, as well as various novel signal transduction approaches, optical assay reveal good performance to quantify pesticide residues in complex environment and food matrices, especially in the simplification and visualization design, making them ideally suitable for on-site application.
On the basis of the discussed research, the stability, accuracy, sensitivity and selectivity of optical sensor can be improved as follows: (1) the development of recognition units with excellent distinguish capacity to offer selectivity and sensitivity toward targeted analytes. For example, bi-enzyme cascade catalytic format has the merit of multi-signal amplification, greatly improving the sensitivity. (2) the utilization of novel nanomaterials that employ as signal reporters, substrates and catalysts. Ratiometric probe with dual-emission can provide built-in correction to eliminate environmental effects, exhibiting advantage in terms of enhanced sensitivity and accuracy. Nanozymes possess lower cost, higher stability, and excellent recyclability in comparison with natural enzymes, which improved the stability of sensor. Furthermore, the integration of optical strategy into paper-based analytical devices can be constructed in simplicity and miniaturization, further promoting the commercialization of devices.