تلفن: ۰۴۱۴۲۲۷۳۷۸۱
تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی رفتار خاص شریک در شبکه های اجتماعی: هماهنگی بازیگران با سلیقه های ناهمگن – نشریه الزویر

عنوان فارسی: رفتار خاص شریک در شبکه های اجتماعی: هماهنگی بازیگران با سلیقه های ناهمگن
عنوان انگلیسی: Partner-specific behavior in social networks: Coordination among actors with heterogeneous preferences
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 13 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2018 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF کد محصول : E5840
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb 500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: علوم اجتماعی، علوم ارتباطات اجتماعی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: جامعه شناسی
مجله: شبکه های اجتماعی - Social Networks
دانشگاه: Department of Sociology - ICS - Utrecht University - The Netherlands
کلمات کلیدی: بازی هماهنگی، رفتار خاص شریک، سلایق ناهمگن، شبکه های اجتماعی
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چکیده

abstract

Conventions guide our daily behavior. If everyone agrees on what the best convention is, coordination is easy. We study coordination games in which individuals have conflicting preferences. Theoretical arguments and experimentaltests on conventions in networks starttoo much from the assumption that actors need to behave the same in their interactions with different others. We propose the actors’ ability to vary behavior when interacting with different partners (partner-specific behavior) as a mechanism facilitating coordination in situations where actors have different preferences. Results show that whether partnerspecific behavior is disadvantageous or advantageous for coordination depends on the distribution of preferences in the network. Moreover, subjects seem unable to foresee when partner-specific behavior is disadvantageous, since they invest in partner-specific behavior also when this does not pay off.

نتیجه گیری

5. Conclusion and discussion

The aim of this study is to better understand the emergence of conventions in situations where individuals have different preferences. Previous experimental research has shown that agreeing on a convention is more difficult in situations where actors have different preferences (Bojanowski and Buskens, 2011; Helbing et al., 2014; Hernández et al., 2013; Sekiyama, 2014). However, most of this research has assumed that people are not able to choose different conventions when interaction with different partners. Societies are changing rapidly and people tend to invest more in flexibility, for example by learning how to work with different software programs. This flexibility might be especially useful when people have to work together with multiple partners that have different preferences. We analyzed decisions of actors in networks on, for example, which operating system they want to use for designing a new program with their different neighbors. We studied heterogeneous populations in which some subjects preferred coordination on one behavior and other subjects preferred coordination on another behavior. As experimental manipulations, we varied the distribution of preferences within the networks and whether subjects were able to differentiate behavior when interacting with different others or whether they could invest in such a flexibility in behavior.