- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
The policy debate on economic growth and CO2 emissions is topical: corruption may affect this relationship by raising pollution at given income levels and by reducing per capita income. This research proposed a newly formulated conceptual framework to explore the moderating role of corruption on the relationship between growth and CO2 emissions by applying a partial least square regression model for a panel of BRICS countries from 1996- 2015. Overall, from our empirical findings, we infer that the moderating role of corruption is 0 crucial in the relationship between economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions and control of corruption reduce CO2 emissions. Furthermore, a significant moderating effect of corruption is observed on the relationship between urbanisation and carbon dioxide emissions in the case of BRICS countries, which signifies poor environmental performance therein. Also, control of corruption has a moderating effect on the relationship between trade and CO2 emissions. The variance importance analysis confirms the reliability of our results. The novel finding of the study not only advances the prior litrature also provides a more clearer picture of the growth-emission nexus. The new findings can be of special interest to policymakers as they seek to control pollution at national level.
We formulate a newly developed framework to explore the moderating role of control of corruption in the growth-CO2 emission nexus by controlling the model with urbanisation, trade and growth rate of population for a panel of BRICS countries. The partial least square regression model is used to analyse panel data from 1996 to 2015. We perform VIP analysis to check the reliability of the results acquired from PLS regression. The empirical findings of the study are directed towards some important policy implications. As control of corruption moderates and weakens the relationship between economic growth and CO2 emissions, policies need to strengthen the control of corruption that may weaken the growth-CO2 emission nexus. Another possible mechanism is that growth may increase the rate of CO2 emissions but corruption could reduce the stringency of environmental regulations regarding GDP growth in the direction of reducing CO2 emissions, resulting in them increasing. Implementation of environmental regulation depends upon on the level of corruption. Therefore, it is suggested that policy-makers strengthen their grip on corruption and implement environmental regulation efficiently for a clean environment. If government policies are effective, then people will pay for environmental regulation. We also urge governments to adopt green policies aimed at pollution abatement with strengthened monitoring capabilities against pollution and regulatin of abatement technologies or devices in the light of their strategy.