- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Air pollution issues due to soot/diesel particulate matter (DPM) emitted from incomplete burning of diesel fuel have become a global issue in this century. A series of manganese oxides, namely amorphous manganese oxide (Meso-Mn-A), Mn2O3 (Meso-Mn2O3), MnO2 (epsilon phase) (Meso-ε-MnO2) and octahedral molecular sieves MnO2 (Meso-OMS-2) was synthesized via a soft template method. The potential of mesoporous manganese oxides in acceleration of NO2 assisted catalytic oxidation of diesel soot (Printex-U) under lean conditions was investigated. The physiochemical properties of synthesized materials were systematically characterized by X-ray diffraction, N2-sorption, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and H2-temperature programmed reduction. A series of temperature programmed oxidation experiments was carried out to investigate the effect of feed gas composition on activity of the catalyst, and TGA-MS experiments were done to calculate the kinetic energy for each system. Mesoporous manganese oxides were found to be effective for complete oxidation of diesel soot under exhaust gas temperatures, and activities of all the manganese oxides were increased in the presence of NO2 in the feed gas. Meso-ε-MnO2 possesses the highest performance, exhibiting the lowest Ti and Tm (230 °C and 305 °C), the narrowest temperature range (75 °C), and the lowest Ea (298 kJ mol−1). The ability to oxidize soot in the presence of NO2 makes these materials economical and ecofriendly catalysts for use in continuous regeneration traps.
Mesoporous UCT manganese oxides with crystal structures of amorphous, Mn2O3, -phase MnO2, and cryptomelane type OMS-2 were shown to be excellent catalysts for NO2 assisted soot oxidation in the present study. A strong synergetic effect of redox activity of manganese oxides and ability NO2 in igniting soot at low temperature was observed. The experiments demonstrated that mesoporous MnO2 (epsilon phase) (Meso--MnO2) has the highest catalytic activity for soot oxidation in the presence of NO2 in the feed gas (T90 = 305 ◦C), the narrowest temperature range (75 ◦C), and the lowest Ea (298 kJ mol−1). Regardless of the superior performance of Meso--MnO2, the soot oxidation activities of Meso-Mn-A and Meso-Mn2O3 are greatly enhanced in the presence of NO2, compared to its effect on Meso--MnO2. In conclusion, NO2 is considered as an intermediate which aids in reducing the activation energy of the reaction via igniting soot at lower temperatures to create SOCs for Meso--MnO2. Aut