- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
This paper has three purposes. First, it explores the relationship between unemployment and well-being in Turkey using data from Life Satisfaction Surveys for the period between 2004 and 2013. Second, it examines to what extent joblessness at the household level interacts with own unemployment. Third, it tests whether the negative effect of unemployment on well-being varies with individuals’ own perceptions of their labor market prospects. Consistent with the other studies in the literature, findings indicate that the unemployed experience significantly lower levels of life satisfaction than the employed. While the results do not provide support for the social norm effect at the household level, they do indicate that that the impact of labor market status on well-being varies with the job prospects. There is also suggestive evidence that women and men are similarly affected by unemployment and job prospects.
This paper aims to investigate the association between life satisfaction and joblessness at the individual and household level. Using individual level data from the LSS for the period 2004–2013, it examines how self-reported life satisfaction varies across employed and unemployed people living in households with different numbers of unemployed members. Self-assessed job prospects are also taken into consideration along with own and household unemployment.
The findings regarding own unemployment are consistent with the previous studies that unemployed individuals report, on average, lower levels of well-being controlling for household income; and results are similar for men and women. While analyses in this study provide no evidence for the differential effect of unemployment on well-being depending on household joblessness, findings underscore two channels through which unemployment affects well-being adversely. The first is the effect of own unemployment, and the second is the effect on the well-being of the employed individuals who live in the same household. By controlling for the self-assessed job prospects of individuals, this paper makes clear that the employed and unemployed are not homogenous groups. Hence, findings do provide preliminary evidence for the well-being inequality within the employed and unemployed. While the findings from 2013 provide some evidence of a social norm effect for women, an analysis of a broader sample period is needed to generalize this result.