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دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی حلال کمکی حذف شده در کروماتوگرافی – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

عنوان فارسی: حلال کمکی حذف شده در کروماتوگرافی
عنوان انگلیسی: Excluded Cosolvent in Chromatography
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 9 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2018 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات مروری پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E9533 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb 500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: شیمی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: شیمی پلیمر، شیمی تجزیه
مجله: مجله علوم دارویی - Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
دانشگاه: Alliance Protein Laboratories - a Division of KBI Biopharma - Cornerstone Court West - California
کلمات کلیدی: حلال کمکی، تعامل ترجیحی، فرمولاسیون، کروماتوگرافی، خروج، حذف مجموع
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xphs.2018.05.006
برای سفارش ترجمه این مقاله با کیفیت عالی و در کوتاه ترین زمان ممکن توسط مترجمین مجرب سایت ایران عرضه؛ روی دکمه سبز رنگ کلیک نمایید.
چکیده

abstract

The concept of cosolvent exclusion was developed by a group of Timasheff's laboratory in 1970-1990 and is currently used widely to explain the effects of a variety of cosolvents on the stability and solubility of macromolecules. Not surprisingly, these concepts have had substantial influence in the fields of formulation, protein folding and unfolding, but they have perhaps more surprisingly found their way into the field of chromatography. A variety of excluded cosolvents have been used to enhance binding and resolution of proteins and other macromolecules in ion exchange, hydroxyapatite, affinity, and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. These cosolvents include salting-out salts, amino acids and polymers, and frequently polyethylene glycol (PEG). A new mode of chromatography, termed “steric exclusion chromatography,” was recently introduced. It employs hydroxylated solid phase surfaces. Steric exclusion of the PEG stabilizes the association of macromolecules with the solid phase. Elution is achieved by reducing the PEG concentration. Magnetic particles are also used in this chromatography. This review summarizes the concepts of preferential cosolvent exclusion and its applications in column chromatography.

بخشی از متن مقاله

Steric Exclusion Chromatography

Exploitation of cosolvent exclusion with adsorptive chromatography methods is fairly straight forward. As mentioned previously for ion exchange and hydroxyapatite, the sample to be fractionated can be applied to the column, and then PEG or other excluded agents were introduced to impose size selectivity during the elution. This creates an implication that it might be possible to use PEG in combination with a nonadsorptive chromatography surface to achieve size-based separations of biomolecules, with the smallest species eluting first and larger species eluting later in proportion to their relative size. This would be a welcome addition to the field because there is no rapid high-capacity chromatography method capable of high-resolution size-based fractionation. However, there are 2 major barriers. The first barrier is that the sample must be mixed with preferentially excluded agent before it is introduced into the column. The problem is that a concentration of excluded agent sufficient to achieve sample binding causes precipitation in the sample and clogs the column on contact. This particular problem has been overcome in the field of HIC by the technique of sample loading by in-line dilution. High-salt buffer is loaded continuously through one line, while sample is loaded continuously through another. They meet and mix immediately before entering the column. Depending on the chromatography system and valve setup, precolumn residence time of the protein in the high-salt buffer can be as brief as seconds, so there is insufficient time for the precipitates to form before column contact. The second barrier is more restrictive. Most of the binding surfaces (i.e., functional ligand) in columns packed with porous particles resides within the particle pores. Proteins enter those pores by diffusion. Diffusion is slow. Because the viscosity of PEG reduces diffusivity in direct proportion, flow rate must be reduced to compensate. This creates in-column residence times of several minutes and the protein-PEG mixture precipitates in the void space between particles.58 These 2 restrictions effectively prevent loading proteins at high concentrations of PEG on nonadsorptive columns packed with porous particles.