- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Purpose: The relationship between burnout and depression has been a major focus of burnout research, but personality factors might be equally important. Largely based on theoretical grounds, narcissism has repeatedly been proposed to contribute to burnout. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine empirically the relationship between burnout and narcissism. Methods: We investigated 723 consecutive in-patients, aged between 22 and 80 years (51.2% female), at a hospital specialized in the treatment of job stress-related disorders. Patients completed the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory and the 20-item Narcissism Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Perceived Stress Scale. Results:After controlling for sociodemographic factors,depressive symptoms, sleepquality, andperceived stress, narcissism explained 3.5% of the total burnout score (p < .001); regarding burnout dimensions, narcissism explained 7.3% of emotional exhaustion (p < .001) and 3.6% of depersonalization (p < .001), but was unrelated to lack of achievements (p = .45). Depressive symptoms explained 3.6% of the total burnout score, 2.6% of emotional exhaustion, 2.0% of depersonalization, and 1.4% of lack of achievements (all p-values ≤.005). Conclusions: Personality factors, especially narcissism, may be equally important as depressive symptoms, and thus should regularly be considered in burnout research and therapy.
4.5. Conclusions and implications
Our empirically driven findings support both previous clinical observations of narcissistic traits in persons who suffer from burnout, as well as theoretical concepts about a key role of narcissistic traits in burnout. The main results of our study suggest an independent relation between narcissism and burnout with practical relevance and important clinical implications. The observation that the magnitude of the relationship between narcissism and burnout was comparable to that between depressive symptom severity and burnout may support this notion. Longitudinal population-based studies with, ideally, repeated assessments are needed to shed light on causal relationships between narcissism and burnout. Whether targeting narcissism as part of a multicomponent burnout therapy improves clinical outcome warrants further studies.