- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
We examined the links between parental elaborativeness and children’s suggestibility about a salient event, testing the hypothesis that, in an accuracy-focused context, children of elaborative parents are more resistant to false suggestions than children of less elaborative parents. Our hypothesis was supported: in a sample of 68 4–7 year-old children and caregivers, parent elaborativeness, along with children’s working memory, additively predicted resistance to false suggestions from an unfamiliar interviewer about peripheral details of an alleged transgression. Children were forthcoming about the transgression when it actually occurred and highly resistant to suggestions that the transgression took place when it did not. Results have implications for understanding how parents socialize children to resist suggestions in accuracy-focused contexts through everyday reminiscing practices. Implications for theories of narrative and memory development, and for applied contexts such as the legal system, are discussed.
This research adds to past research showing that parental socialization of memory sharing teaches children to have lengthier, better structured memory reports by demonstrating that it can also help children accurately report details of a salient event, even despite suggestive questioning. Though children of elaborative parents may be socialized to create more engaging reminiscing conversations, which at times may entail incorporating information from their conversational partner (for discussion see, for example, Kulkofsky & Klemfuss, 2008; Kulkofsky, 2010; Principe et al., 2013), in a context where accuracy is emphasized these children may be highly resistant to false suggestions. This research has implications within real-world contexts such as the classroom, courtroom, or clinic where adults are concerned with eliciting accurate and complete reporting of children’s life experiences.