- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
This study formulates a method to measure the effects of standardization to assist in evaluating innovation and R&D policies. Its main purpose is to examine standardization activities within R&D organizations. This allows for a more appropriate policy evaluation framework than examining such activities within standard development organizations does. The study also redefines the conventional notion of intellectual property (IP) normatively and introduces the term “integrated IP” to reflect our new concept of joining IP and standardization activities. Our new concept captures the “fuzzy” impact of standardization on R&D to improve innovation management. The study presents a vector equation expressing the new IP definition and uses it to model revenues arising from a standard-essential patent for strategic IP management with standardization. The model indicates the importance of patents commercially required for product differentiation for the purpose of innovation with standards.
Our findings contradict the conventional wisdom that hightechnology and R&D-intensive corporations are more patent-oriented and less standardization-oriented (Blind, 2006). In fact, Japan's high-technology industry appears to have been more standardization-oriented during the period studied. It is notable that our metric of the standardization factor is not the conventional standardization activities studied previously but a new metric that specifically measures standardization related to intellectual property. This difference in the scope of standardization metrics likely explains the result observed.