- مبلغ: ۸۶,۰۰۰ تومان
- مبلغ: ۹۱,۰۰۰ تومان
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a framework of introducing a proper method to document and to analyze conservation process of cultural heritage in Bursa, known as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey and to discuss challenges in use of geographical information systems (GIS) for assessment of a complex data collected and analyzed during different phases of the historic researches. Design/methodology/approach – A systematic approach is used to understand relations between theoretical and practical processes of heritage conservation in Bursa. Due to the complicated structure of input data, GIS was used as the major tool in illustration of cultural heritage in various spatial scales, while providing connection between different timelines of its urban history. Within this concept, at first, conservation history of cultural heritage in Bursa is briefly described. Second, four stages of the method, used to make reliable and convenient assessment, are given. Finally, facilities and challenges in using this system are discussed in relation with the results achieved. Findings – As a result of this study, both chronological and spatial distribution of all types of conservation practices are described in related with theoretical and legal aspects. There appear both advantages and limitations in use of GIS, during assessment of input data to understand conservation history of Bursa. Originality/value – Therefore, it would be possible to see if it is adequate to understand the complicated structure of such kind of overlapped sources in a systematic way of information management system.
It is clear that there is a wide range of use of GIS in the field of heritage conservation and urban revitalization. This system is a tool to understand distinctive characteristics in data collected, classified and mapped systematically. However, there sometimes has appeared incompatibility in assessment process of the input data due to the differentiation of technical formats in such a basic system. Hence, this study concerns the challenges in use of GIS, selected as a tool to assess the historical background of cultural heritage conservation in Bursa, one of UNESCO WHS in Turkey. Conservation Decisions, approved by the Regional Council of Conservation in Bursa (BKVKBK), were used as the major source of this study, in identification of the mobility of conservation activities in a historic city. By managing collected and classified input data on GIS, it was capable to reveal both chronological and spatial distribution of these activities. The methodological aspects in use of that tool could describe both architectural and urban conservation approaches in Bursa, by introducing systematically categorized data into GIS. By this way, it was easy to understand success and failure of various scaled conservation implementations approved and applied by the Council.