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دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی الکترودهای کربنی در فناوری خازن – الزویر ۲۰۱۹

عنوان فارسی: الکترودهای کربنی در فناوری خازن
عنوان انگلیسی: Carbon electrodes for capacitive technologies
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 31 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2019 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات مروری پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E9418 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : mb 2
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: شیمی، برق
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: شیمی کاربردی، شیمی تجزیه
مجله: مواد ذخیره انرژی - Energy Storage Materials
دانشگاه: Institute of Chemistry and Technical Electrochemistry - Poznan University of Technology - Poland
کلمات کلیدی: مواد کربن؛ خازن های دو لایه الکتریکی؛ ذخیره سازی انرژی و برداشت؛ یون زدایی خازنی و عمل کننده؛ کروماتوگرافی تحت کنترل پتانسیلی
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2018.04.031
برای سفارش ترجمه این مقاله با کیفیت عالی و در کوتاه ترین زمان ممکن توسط مترجمین مجرب سایت ایران عرضه؛ روی دکمه سبز رنگ کلیک نمایید.
چکیده

Abstract

An overview of capacitive technologies based on carbon materials (energy storage in electrical double-layer capacitors (EDLCs), capacitive deionization (CDI), energy harvesting, capacitive actuation, and potential controlled chromatography) is presented. The review reveals the role of carbon for these scientific and industrial purposes with disclosing the benefits and limitations of various nanostructured carbons for a certain application. A special attention is placed on the electrical double-layer (EDL) formation mechanisms affected by the porous texture of carbon and the electrode architecture. The importance of a careful selection of the electrolytic solution for the EDL formation inside the intraparticle pores of carbon electrodes is also enlightened.

نتیجه گیری

9. Conclusion

Carbons characterized by highly extended surface area and pores which match with the size of electrolyte ions appear as the most suitable electrode materials for capacitive applications, where a high amount of charge should be efficiently accumulated in an EDL. The high interest in carbons is also on account of their high conductivity, versatility of morphologies, ability to tune the porous texture, controllability of surface functionalities, high natural abundance of precursors and low cost. Nevertheless, for each of the applications detailed in this review, it is important to look through the specific set of desires in order to select the most appropriate carbonaceous material. The parameters closely connected with the porous texture (specific surface area, pore volume, size and shape of pores, tortuosity) play an important role in the capacitive performance. One should be always aware that the EDL composition, and its formation mechanisms in the confined porosity of an electrode, is different from the models presented for an electrode flat surface. During charging, the EDL formed inside micropores is composed not only of single counter-ionic species, but of co-ions and solvent molecules. Moreover, the specific surface area of porous carbon electrodes estimated by use of a gas probe (the most often nitrogen) cannot be directly considered for predicting the capacitive performance in presence of electrolyte species of different size and affinity with pore walls. When considering the capacitive technologies, the importance of electrode architecture, thickness and other physical parameters cannot be ignored. For example, if the ion transport rate should be improved to ensure the charge storage, materials with a large external surface area (such as graphene, carbon onions or carbon nanotubes) should be preferred to provide a hierarchic transport pathway. When considering energy efficient water desalination with flowable carbon suspension electrodes, the particle shape and agglomeration, and viscosity of suspension become important factors to maximize the ratio of moles of salt removed from the water feedstock to the moles of electrons transferred during cell charging.