تلفن: ۰۴۱۴۲۲۷۳۷۸۱
تلفن: ۰۹۲۱۶۴۲۶۳۸۴

دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی بهبود وضعیت طبیعت در شهرها: اولویت مردم برای خیابان های گیاهی چیست؟ – الزویر ۲۰۱۹

عنوان فارسی: بهبود وضعیت طبیعت در شهرها: اولویت مردم برای خیابان های گیاهی چیست؟
عنوان انگلیسی: Improving nature experience in cities: What are people's preferences for vegetated streets?
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی : 10 تعداد صفحات ترجمه فارسی : ترجمه نشده
سال انتشار : 2019 نشریه : الزویر - Elsevier
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی : PDF نوع مقاله : ISI
نوع نگارش : مقالات پژوهشی (تحقیقاتی) پایگاه : اسکوپوس
کد محصول : E10748 رفرنس : دارد
محتوای فایل : PDF حجم فایل : Kb 500
رشته های مرتبط با این مقاله: مهندسی معماری، مهندسی شهرسازی
گرایش های مرتبط با این مقاله: معماری منظر، طراحی شهری
مجله: مجله مدیریت زیست محیطی - Journal of Environmental Management
دانشگاه: Ecole de la Nature et du Paysage (INSA Centre Val de Loire Blois) - UMR CNRS 7324 CITERES - France
کلمات کلیدی: شهری، پوشش گیاهی، ادراک، ترجیح، خیابان
doi یا شناسه دیجیتال: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.09.056
برای سفارش ترجمه این مقاله با کیفیت عالی و در کوتاه ترین زمان ممکن توسط مترجمین مجرب سایت ایران عرضه؛ روی دکمه سبز رنگ کلیک نمایید.
چکیده

ABSTRACT

In the current context of strong urban sprawl, it becomes urgent to find urban approaches that simultaneously promote ecological functions and relationships between people and nature in cities. Streets are omnipresent urban elements that can deliver ecosystem services and facilitate people daily interactions with nature. Promoting vegetation in streets can take different forms which have to be combined with people's preferences. Based on photomontages, we assessed people's perceptions and valuations for herbaceous vegetation types associated to various managements and designs of pavements. Using a combination of a local field survey and a French national online survey, we collected a total of 3609 responses representing a large diversity of sociodemographic characteristics. The results of the field survey confirmed those of the online survey. Although there was variability among people valuations, we found that lowly managed pavements with spontaneous vegetation were in average higher valued than highly managed pavements without vegetation. Pavements with spontaneous vegetation were perceived as less kept than pavements without vegetation, but more beautiful and less boring. We found a consensus of high valuations towards pavements containing vegetation integrated in small design interventions (flowers seeded in foot of wall, design of a meadow strip along the pavement), suggesting that people generally accept vegetation with visible signs of human actions or managements. Socio-demographic characteristics partly explained variabilities in photo valuations. As expected, people frequently connected with nature had the highest preferences for vegetated pavements, spontaneous or integrated in designs. These results show that vegetated streets can become daily biodiversity-friendly urban greenspaces appreciated by urban dwellers. We provide recommendations for promoting vegetation in streets that will be useful for politics, urban designers and managers.

نتیجه گیری

Conclusion

The results of this study suggest that vegetated streets can become daily biodiversity-friendly urban greenspaces appreciated by urban dwellers. They should be taken into account by politics, urban designers and managers in different ways. In already built-up areas, we suggest to globally reduce management pressure allowing the appearance of moderate spontaneous vegetation, what should be beneficial for biodiversity and not rejected by people. In future constructions, we suggest that civil engineers and architects integrate local vegetation on pavements through innovative designs.